Experts call for official guidelines on child screen use
MPs and charities say political focus on reducing level of child poverty in UK has been lost as team is merged into Department for Work and Pensions.
There were 3.9 million children living in poverty in the UK in 2014-15, according to DWP figures quoted by the Child Poverty Action Group, amounting to 28% of all children in the UK.
DUE: Mon February 28th
Examine the arguments and evidence in favour of the view that childhood is socially constructed (20 marks)
Forty years ago, the National Children’s Bureau’s report, ‘Born to Fail’ highlighted the huge inequalities in society and the sad truth that one’s future economic success was largely decided at birth.
However their most recent report shows just how little progress has been made in closing the gap between children from poor and affluent backgrounds over the past 40 years. Many sociologists point to the failure or absence of policies to help address the most vulnerable parents and children.
The report finds that:
■ A child from a disadvantaged background is still far less likely to achieve a good level of development at four than a child from a more privileged home.
■ Children living in deprived areas are much more likely to be the victim of an unintentional injury or accident in the home.
■ Children from the poorest areas are nine times less likely than those living in affluent areas to have access to green space, places to play and to live in environments with better air quality.
■ Boys living in deprived areas are three times more likely to be obese than boys growing up in affluent areas, and girls are twice as likely.
“Our analysis shows that, despite some improvements, the inequality and disadvantage suffered by poorer children 50 years ago still persists today,” said Dr Hilary Emery, the bureau’s chief executive.
“There is a real risk that our society is sleepwalking into a world where children grow up in a state of social apartheid, with poor children destined to experience hardship and disadvantage just by accident of birth, and their more affluent peers unaware of their existence.”
Some policies such as ‘The Family Nurse Partnership’ have been applauded. Currently around 11,000 families are benefitting from personalised support from a nurse. This policy is to be rolled out to 16,000 more families. Research indicates that schemes such as these are successful in helping vulnerable mothers become more stable parents: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/family-nurse-partnership-programme-to-be-extended
Sure Start was introduced by New Labour in 1998 to try improve “childcare, early education, health and family support, with an emphasis on outreach and community development. n the 2004 Comprehensive Spending Review, Chancellor Gordon Brown announced that the Government would provide funding for 2,500 Children’s Centres by 2008”.
Children’s Centres are expected to provide:
Many centres have been cut by the Conservative government though.
Also it has not been considered an outright success. In 2007 a report by the Universities of Oxford and Wales “examined 153 parents from socially deprived areas and showed that a course teaching improved parenting skills had great benefits in reducing problem behaviour in young children. Parents were taught to:
However, a University of Durham study has suggested hat Sure Start was ineffective at improving results in early schooling.
In 2010, research conducted by NESS demonstrated significant effects of SSLPs on eight of 21 outcomes: two positive outcomes for children (lower BMIs and better physical health), four positive outcomes for mothers and families (more stimulating and less chaotic home environments, less harsh discipline, and greater life satisfaction), and two negative outcomes (more depressive symptoms reported by mothers, and parents less likely to visit schools for planned meetings)
Teaching union, NASUWT has just published a report that claims that a significant number of UK children are living in poverty and this in in turn affecting their schooling.
Chris Keates, General Secretary of the NASUWT, said
“82% of teachers report that the children they teach do not have the proper footwear and clothing for the weather conditions.
“Teachers now are regularly giving increasing numbers of children money, food, clothes and equipment, at their own expense.
“This is a shameful catalogue of deprivation and misery and a scandalous, heart-breaking litany of broken promises to our children and young people.”
Rushanara Ali said:
“There are 2.6 million children who face poverty and that is projected to grow to nearly five million by 2020 according to the IFS. That is a huge national challenge; it will require massive efforts to tackle it.
Only one in three disadvantaged pupils is hitting the government’s GCSE pass target – compared with over 60% of their richer peers.
In preparation for your essay, please read through the following:
With the advent of electronic information, particularly when television was introduced directly into the home, this monopoly (of adult knowledge) crumbled. Television, Postman points out, is a visual medium that requires no training and is available to be viewed and understood by all. “In learning to interpret the meaning of images, we do not require lessons in grammar or spelling or logic or vocabulary. We require no analogue of the McGuffey Reader, no preparation, no prerequisite training. Watching television not only requires no skills but develops no skills” (79). The barriers between adulthood and childhood are eroded; there is no longer the possibility of segregating information from the young. All are exposed to the adult world—murder and mayhem, lust and titillation, greed and consumerism—through television melodrama and comedy, talk shows, game shows, news shows, “reality” shows, and commercials
Age of consent: