Using information from Item A and elsewhere, outline Durkheim’s theory of religion.(9 marks)
Like men and women everywhere, the daily lives of some tribal people are a reflection of their beliefs and traditions. Rituals which to us may seem cruel and dangerous often serve a vital role in keeping law and order within a group, and are fundamental to identity. Practices like stick fighting, ritual whipping, bull jumping and scarification fulfil important functions. As well as showing that the culture is still strong and vibrant, they give participants pride in their heritage and a sense of belonging.